In our last post , we talked about tooth decay, one of the most common dental issues around but we realized the need to first give an overview on what oral health is all about. It is important to us here at Emerald Dental Surgery ,that before we continue to delve into the specific conditions, their symptoms, treatment and ways in which they can be prevented, you have an idea of what the entire concept of oral health entails. So here we go.
Did you know that oral diseases happen to be the most common noncommunicable diseases in the world today? Well, it is true and they actually affect people throughout their lifetime. They end up causing a lot of pain and in some cases, they can actually lead to death.
So What Is Oral Health?
Oral health generally refers to the health of your mouth or in other words, dental health. It generally involves the teeth, gums and the mouth. The health of your mouth is very important as it could tell a lot about your overall health as a person. It can show if you have any nutritional deficiencies or infections in the entire body as these have a way of manifesting in the mouth. It is therefore very important to keep your mouth healthy by avoiding complications such as tooth decay and gum disease.
According to a study done back in 2016, oral diseases affect nearly half of the world’s population. The study shows that dental caries in permanent teeth was the most prevalent condition assessed.
What Are The Common Oral Diseases?
The most common oral conditions are:
- Tooth decay/ dental carries
- Periodontal/ gum diseases
- Oro-dental trauma
- Oral cancers
- Bad breath/ halitosis
- Mouth sores
- Tooth Erosion
- Tooth sensitivity
- Toothaches and dental emergencies
Note that other than these, there are other conditions that could affect one.
Here Are Some General Symptoms Of Oral diseases
- Toothache that causes your jaw to hurt
- Sensitive teeth especially when taking hot or cold beverages
- Bleeding or sore gums
- Mouth sores
- Bad breath
- Clicking or pain in the jaw
- Dry mouth
- Cracked or broken teeth
- Stained or discolored teeth
It is also worth noting that specific conditions may have more symptoms than the ones listed in this summary.
What Are The Causes Of Oral Diseases?
Oral diseases are majorly caused by the same risk factors that cause many other diseases. Some common causes of oral diseases include:
- Poor diet
- Poor hygiene
- Alcohol use
Here Are Some Ideas on How To Prevent Oral Diseases
Oral health should be promoted. The good news is that this is not so hard to do. Most methods of promoting oral hygiene are relatively inexpensive. They include:
- Promoting a well-balanced diet. Incorporating a good amount of fruits and vegetables into your diet is important for your oral health. One should also avoid foods that contain plenty of sugars because it is these sugars that lead to the development of dental caries, premature loss of teeth among others.
- Getting education on oral hygiene practices. For you to be safe from any kind of disease or condition, you need to know how to prevent them in the first place. That applies to oral diseases as well so before you find yourself a victim of any of the diseases mentioned above, make sure you know a bit if not all there is to know about them.
- Use protective equipment or garments when doing different kinds of sports or activities such as driving race cars and motor vehicles. This will prevent any kind of facial injuries that could involve you hurting your teeth.
- Reduce smoking or drinking. Better yet, if you can, stop it altogether. The tobacco in cigarettes has been known to cause different types of cancers. Alcohol and cigarettes promote oral cancers, periodontal diseases and tooth loss.
- Make sure you get sufficient fluoride. Fluoride prevents cavities and keep your teeth stronger. It also goes a long way in reversing tooth decay.
- Early screening. It is important to visit your dentist every now and then for checkups to make sure your mouth is fine and this will also assist in detecting any possible conditions at an early stage. This way, you will spend less on treatment.
- Brush your teeth everyday. We are advised to brush our teeth twice a day with a toothpaste that contains fluoride.
Treatment Of Oral Diseases
Treatment of oral diseases can be rather expensive. However, it is possible to find affordable dental care centres or clinics around your locality. Some of the treatment options available for the different oral diseases include but are not limited to:
- Dental bonding
- Treatment of gum disease depending on the stage of the disease
- Tooth fillings for cracked or broken teeth
- Use of laser treatment
- Dental implants
- Dental crowns to cover and restore the shape of the teeth
- Porcelain veneers
We hope this article has given you an idea of what oral health is all about. In case you have any questions feel free to contact us or visit our website https://emeralddental.co.ke for more information.
We will be delving a bit deeper into the different types of oral diseases just like we did last week on tooth decay.